Type 11 Radar

11-Go Air Search Radar

January 1, 2023 PE Matt 0

A Japanese scientific delegation under Cdr Yoji Ito was sent to Germany in February 1941. Although the professional relationship between the Japanese and the Germans was far less cordial than that of the Americans and […]

SCR-270/SCR-271 Radar

February 23, 2019 PE Matt 0

Following the May 1937 tests of the SCR-268 searchlight-control radar, the US Army expressed an interest in obtaining an early warning air search radar with much longer range. A US Army Signal Corps Laboratories team, […]

3-inch M3 Anti-Aircraft Gun

December 1, 2017 PE Matt 0

The 3-inch M3 gun was the primary anti-aircraft weapon of the US Army and Marines at the beginning of World War II. Its origins lay in the first anti-aircraft gun produced by the United States […]

SCR-268 Radar

November 29, 2017 PE Matt 0

The US Army Signal Corps was increasingly interested in radar during the late 1930s. This new technology offered to solve a number of problems, including simplifying the problem of finding enemy aircraft and directing searchlights […]

ASE-equipped PBY Catalina

ASV Mark II / ASE Radar

October 26, 2017 PE Matt 4

Dr Edward Bowen, leading the airborne radar group of the Royal Aircraft Establishment in Britain, started a project to improve on the ASV (for “air to surface vessel”) Mark I radar, which had been hastily […]

List of Japanese Submarine Reconnaissance Missions

October 7, 2017 PE Matt 0

During the Pacific War,  Japanese submarines carried out dozens of reconnaissance missions by flying off small seaplanes. These aircraft were stored within water-tight compartments in the vessel’s hull, before being assembled on deck and catapulted […]

CXAM Air Search Radar

March 24, 2017 PE Matt 0

During the early 1920s many radio operators had noticed unusual phenomena when large metal objects like ships or aircraft passed between a radio transmitter and receiver. Gradually scientists realised that this was due to radio […]

Japanese Shisaku Seizo Designations

February 24, 2016 PE Matt 0

From 1931, new experimental aircraft under consideration to fulfil the needs of the Imperial Japanese Naval Air Service were given a shisaku seizo (trial manufacture) designation. This was combined with the current era year (i.e. […]

IJAAF Unit Structure

May 8, 2015 PE Matt 0

The basic unit of the IJAAF unit structure was the chutai, which translates as “squadron” and is roughly similar to the German staffel. Chutai consisted of perhaps 9 aircraft, and could be specified as dokuritu […]

Japanese Aircraft Naming Conventions

February 22, 2015 PE Matt 0

One of the difficulties in writing about Japanese aircraft of the World War 2 era is how you refer to the planes themselves. The Japanese had confusing naming schemes that they used in contemporary documents, […]